R-ARCSS is an agreement to revive the August 2015 ARCSS, which temporarily ended South Sudan`s first civil war, which broke out on December 13, 2013. Between August 2015 and June 2016, ARCSS played a significant role in preventing confrontations between key parties to the conflict and until July 2016, when conflicts erupted. One of the most frustrating phenomena in the history of the conflict in South Sudan has been the unwillingness of the parties to the peace agreements to implement what they had agreed in good faith. Over the course of most years, agreements are partially, selective and deficient for obvious political reasons. It`s a potential obstacle. A recent example is Kiir`s announcement of the Republic Order Number 17 on September 27, 2018. The decree ordered the head of the South Sudanese armed forces, General Gabriel Jok Riak Makol, to to release prisoners of war and prisoners, to stop training recruits and to stop revenge or retaliatory attacks by SSA forces, as provided for in Chapter 2 of the R-ARCSS with regard to the permanent ceasefire and interim security agreements.2 Since the announcement, more than 20 political prisoners have been released by the government. Despite delays, including James Gadet Dak and William Endley3 – although some political activists (such as Peter Biar Ajak) have not yet been released.4 The RTGoNU cabinet, As stipulated in the agreement, there will be 35 ministers – 20 from the TGoNU in office, 9 from SPLM/A-IO, 3 from SSOA, two former prisoners and one from political parties – and 10 deputy ministers (five from the TGoNU in office, three from SPLM/A-IO, one by SSOA and one by other political parties). The newly formed Parliament is very inflated, with 550 MPs – 332 from the TGoNU in office, 128 from the SPLM/A-IO, 50 from SSOA, 30 from other political parties and 10 former detainees. The main parties and signatories of the R-ARCSS are Kiir as President of the Interim Government of National Unity (TGoNU); SPLM-IO Machar; Deng Alor Kuol of former SPLM inmates (SPLM-FDs); and Gabriel Changson Chang of the South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA).
The other six signatories to the peace agreement were Peter Mayen Majongdit, who represented the Umbrella Coalition of Political Parties; Kornelio Kon Ngu as a representative of the National Alliance of Political Parties; Ustaz Joseph Ukel Abango, representative of the United Sudan African Party (USAF); Martin Toko Moyi, representative of the United Democratic Salvation Front; Stewart Sorobo Budia, representative of the United Democratic Party; and Wilson Lionding Sabit as representatives of the African National Congress (ANC). In addition, 16 stakeholders signed the agreement in the form of civil society representatives. The legitimacy of the R-ARCSS is another facilitator. In general, the agreement is strongly locally responsible and it appears that there is a regional and international consensus that the peace pact is acceptable. While the international community seems skeptical of the historic trend of violations of the peace agreement in South Sudan – understandably – it has pledged to support the peace process.No tags for this post.